Guinness Family History

11/27/02

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Guinness Family History

 


FAMILY HISTORY

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Richard Guinness, 1690 - 1766  (Land steward to the archbishop of Cashel)
m.  Elizabeth Read, 1698 - 1742 (Daughter of knife maker, Thomas Read)
  c1. Arthur Guinness,  1725 - 1803  (Founder of the brewery at St James' Gate)
  c2. Francis Guinness
  c3. Elizabeth Guinness
  c4. Benjamin Guinness
  c5. Richard Guinness
  c6. Samuel Guinness, 1727 - 1795
m(2). Elizabeth Claire (1752)

Arthur Guinness, 1725 - 1803  (Founder of the brewery at St James' Gate)
m. Olivia Whitmore
  c1. Elizabeth Guinness, 1763 - 1847  (Married Lord Mayor of Dublin, Frederick Darley)
  c2. Rev Hosea Guinness, 1765 - 1841  (Rector of St Werburgh's Dublin for 30 years)
  c3. Arthur Guinness II, 1768 - 1855  (Took over management of the family brewery)
  c4. Edward Guinness, 1772 - 1833  (Dublin Solicitor)
  c5. Olivia Guinness
  c6. Benjamin Guinness
  c7. Louisa Guinness
  c8. Mary Anne Guinness
  c9. William Lunell Guinness
  c10. John Grattan Guinness

Samuel Guinness,  1727 - 1795
m. Sarah Jago, 1732 - 1794 (6 AUG 1753)
  c.  Richard Guinness, 1755 - 1829

 

Elizabeth Guinness, 1763 - 1847
m. Frederick Darley, JP  (Lord Mayor of Dublin)

Rev Hosea Guinness, 1765 - 1841  (Rector of St Werburgh's Dublin for 30 years)
m. Jane Hart,  1777 - 1835 (1794)   (2nd Daughter of Col. Simon Hart H.E.I.C.S.)
  c1. Olivia Guinness
  c2. Rev Arthur Guinness
  c3. Margaret Guinness
  c4. Edward Hart Guinness

  c5. Jane Guinness
  c6.
Elizabeth Guinness
  c7. Benjamin Guinness
  c8. Simon Guinness
  c9. Anne Guinness
  c10. Harriet Guinness
  c11. Mary Anne Guinness
  c12. Francis Hart Vicemus Guinness
  1819 - 1891  (Magistrate and warden at Collingwood and Ashburton NZ)

Arthur Guinness II, 1768 - 1855  (Took over management of the family brewery)
m1. Anne Lee
  c1. Rev William Smythe Lee Guinness
  c2. Arthur Lee Guinness
  c3. Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness, 1798 - 1868  (Head brewer and heir to family brewery, 1st Bart of St James' Gate)
  c4. Susanna Guinness, 1804 - 1832 
  c5. Mary Jane Guinness
  c6. Louisa Guinness
  c7. Anne Guinness
  c8. Elizabeth Guinness
  c9. Rebecca Guinness

Edward Guinness, 1772 - 1833  (Dublin Solicitor)
m. Margaret Blair
  c1. Arthur Blair Guinness
  c2. Jane Guinness
  c3. Richard Guinness
  c4. James Guinness
  c5. Edward Bolton Guinness
  c6. Elizabeth Guinness, 1813 - 1865  (Married Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness)
  c7. Anne Rebecca Guinness
  c8. Olivia Guinness

Oliva Guinness, 1775 -
  unmarried

Benjamin Guinness, 1777 - 1826
m.  Rebecca Lee (1804)  , - 1819
  c.  Susan Jane Guinness, 1805 - 1861

Louisa Guinness, 1781 - 1809
m.Rev William Deane Hoare (1804),  - 1823

Mary Anne Guinness, 1787 -
m.  Rev John Burke (1809)  (M.P. of Ballydugan, Galway)

William Lunell Guinness 1779 - 1842
m. Susanna Newton  - 1842
  c.  William Newton Guinness

John Grattan Guinness

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Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness, 1798 - 1868  (Head brewer and heir to family brewery, 1st Bart of St James' Gate)
m. Elizabeth Guinness  1813 - 1865  (2nd Daughter of Edward Guinness)
  c1. Anne Lee Guinness, 1839 - 1889  (Married 4th Baron Plunket, Archbishop of Dublin)
  c2. Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, 1840 - 1915  (1st Baron Ardiluan)
  c3. Benjamin Lee Guinness, 1842 - 1900  (Capt of the Royal Horse Guards)
  c4. Sir Edward Cecil Guinness, 1847 - 1927  (1st Baron and Earl of Iveagh, became richest man in Ireland after floating the brewing company)

Anne Lee Guinness, 1839 - 1889  (Married 4th Baron Plunket, Archbishop of Dublin)

Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, 1840 - 1915  (1st Baron Ardiluan)

Benjamin Lee Guinness, 1842 - 1900  (Capt of the Royal Horse Guards)
m. Lady Henrietta St. Lawrence,  (5th  Daughter of 3rd Earl of Howith)
  c1. Sir Algernon Arthur St. Lawrence Lee Guinness 1883 - 1954  (3rd Bart of Riverdene)
  c2. Kenelm Lee Guinness, 1887 - 1937  (M.B.E., Won Tourist Trophy Isle of Man in 1913)
  c3. Nigel Digby Lee Guinness, 1892 -

Sir Edward Cecil Guinness, 1847 - 1927  (1st Baron and Earl of Iveagh, became richest man in Ireland after floating the brewing company)
m. Adelaide M. Guinness,  (Daughter of Samuel Guinness)
  c1. Sir Rupert Edward Cecil Lee Guinness, 1874 - 1967  (2nd Earl of Iveagh)
  c2. Hon. Arthur Ernest Guinness, 1876 - 1949
  c3. Hon. Walter Edward Guinness, 1880 - 1944  (1st Baron Moyne)

 

Sir Rupert Edward Cecil Lee Guinness, 1874 - 1967  (2nd Earl of Iveagh)
m. Gwendolen Florence Mary Onslow Lady, Mp
  c1. Richard Guinness,1906 - 1906
  c2. Arthur Onslow Edward Guinness,Arthur Onslow Edward Guinness 1912 - 1945  (Killed In Action) Spouse: Elizabeth Cecilia Hare (living)
  c3. Honor Dorothy Mary Guinness 
  c4. Patricia Florence Susan Guinness
  c5. Lady Brigid Katherine Rachel Guinness 1920 - 1995 (married Frederick, Crown prince of Prussa)

 

 

Dr Howard Guinness, a young Irish student missioner, was sent by the Inter-Varsity Fellowship in England (I.V.F., now Tertiary Students' Christian Fellowship or T.S.C.F. in New Zealand) to hold missions in many secondary schools throughout New Zealand. He formed "Crusader Unions" of Christian students.  His "whirlwind" visit was very successful, although it lasted less than two months.  Follow up was needed to establish the groups and encourage the converts.Dr Howard Guinness

 

 

 

 

 

Despite snobbish 19th century efforts to establish lineage from the old Ulster aristocratic Magennis of Iveagh family, the present Guinness family is actually descended from Richard Guinness, a Protestant commoner born around 1690 near Celbridge.

He was steward and land agent to a Church of Ireland rector, Rev Arthur Price, who subsequently became the Archbishop of Cashel. Richard's son, the famous Arthur Guinness, became the ale brewer to the Archbishop's household, and it was a 100 legacy from Price that gave him the capital to purchase in 1756 the first Guinness brewery in Leixlip. It prospered and three years later, in 1759, Arthur Guinness purchased the St James's Gate brewery.

The architect of the huge Guinness fortune was Arthur Guinness's great-great grandson, Edward Cecil Guinness. He was only 21 when he inherited a half-share of the brewery and before he was 30 he had bought out his elder brother, Lord Ardilaun's, shares in the St James's Gate for the equivalent of 34 million in today's money. Ten years later, in 1886, Edward Cecil, who was created the first Earl of Iveagh, brought Guinness public and enriched himself to the tune of 300 million in today's money, while retaining more than 50 per cent of the shares.

Edward Cecil Guinness had three sons, Rupert, Ernest and Walter. The three were extremely close, and when he died in 1927 at the age of 80, Edward Cecil left his controlling interest in the company equally to them. Rupert, the 2nd Earl of Iveagh, became Chairman of Guinness, as did, eventually, the third Earl of Iveagh, Benjamin Guinness, who lived at Farmleigh and who died of cancer seven years ago in 1992. He was only 55 years of age, and held a unique distinction of having been a member of the Oireachtas, appointed a Senator by Liam Cosgrave, and a member of the House of Lords in Britain.

Benjamin's eldest son Edward, the 4th Earl of Iveagh, like his older sister Lady Emma, was born in Farmleigh, the house the family is now selling. The two younger children of Benjamin and Countess Miranda Iveagh, Lady Louisa and the Hon Rory Guinness, were born in a Dublin nursing home.

According to a spokesman for the family all four children have houses in Ireland, and the two boys are members of the Kildare St Club. Lady Miranda now lives in London and Scotland, where she was born, but remains a member of the board of St Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin and of the Iveagh Trust.

Untold millions of pints of Guinness has been good for the extended Guinness family. Although the family holding in the company, now inelegantly called Diagio, has been diluted to just 3%, it is still sufficient to establish the family as the 26th richest in Britain.
 

 

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This site was last updated 11/27/02